Low Income and Lower Education Levels Associated with Peripheral Vascular Disease in U.S. Adults

Recent findings published by the American Heart Association reveal that U.S. adults with lower socioeconomic status are at higher risk for developing Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) – highlighting the need for education and advocacy among at-risk populations.

According to the study published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, individuals with low income and lower education had significantly higher PAD prevalence. In fact, data showed that the odds of PAD were more than twice as high for patients in the lowest of six poverty-income ratio categories compared with those in the highest poverty-income ratio category.

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston analyzed nearly 7,000 patients in order to identify correlation between education, income and PAD. Specifically, investigators utilized poverty-income ratio – a ratio of self-reported income relative to the poverty line – and reported attained education levels in order to devise measures of socioeconomic status.